Censo da Internet usando uma botnet

O artigo já é de 2012 mas é engraçado pois usaram uma botnet muito simples para fazer uma espécie de senso da Internet:

While playing around with the Nmap Scripting Engine (NSE) we discovered an amazing number of open embedded devices on the Internet. Many of them are based on Linux and allow login to standard BusyBox with empty or default credentials. We used these devices to build a distributed port scanner to scan all IPv4 addresses. These scans include service probes for the most common ports, ICMP ping, reverse DNS and SYN scans. We analyzed some of the data to get an estimation of the IP address usage. 
All data gathered during our research is released into the public domain for further study. 

mapa dos ~460 milhões de endereços IP que responderam a ping